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5000 years history
375 km away from the capital of Azerbaijan Baku – the second largest city of Azerbaijan Ganja City. Researches shows that Ganja has more than 5000 years history. As it was on the way of Great Silk Way, Ganja was very famous for merchants in ancient times and now is also one of the most famoust tourist destinations in Azerbaijan. The north-east foot of the Lesser Caucasus is a beautiful place attracting many people for centuries. It made the history of the region profound and attractive. Ganja is first of all important in the political, economic and cultural life of the country. Ganja is significant to the politico-economic and cultural life of the country since the earliest of times. Arabs, Caspian, Seljuks, Mongols and Tsarist Russia. Empires wanted to govern the strategic region. But the region is well-known around the world, not for wars fighting, but for a famous poet, Nizami Ganjavi, is a poet of peace and love.
Nizami Mausoleum is located near the city of Ganja, the great Azerbaijani poet Nizami Ganjavi. The tile is upgraded
with a 20 m high cylindrical form of marble building and surrounding park. Near the tomb, there is a bronze monument of poems, which is composed by the immortal poet.
A large lake surrounded by the mountains of the Lesser Caucasus was formed as a result of a devastating earthquake in Ganja in 1139 B.C. that destroyed the Kapaz Mountain. The color and clarity of the waters of Goygol Lake, located 1,600 above sea level is striking. The banks of the lake are covered with forests and rich of flora and fauna. This area is ideal for swimming, walking, travelling, and family picnics. Recreation on the shore of the fresh lake is the best decision on hot days.
Butulka house - historical building in Ganja. The use of bottles instead of construction materials make this house famous The building was built in 1966. In the construction of the building, smaller medicinal bottles, and also of different sized marine stones were used. This is the fantasy of an architect named Ibrahim Jafarov. In 1966-1967, Ibrahim Jafarov built his house in memory of his missing brother Yusuf. He hoped that Yusuf, who at 26 years of age had gone to the army and did not come back, would hear the petition of this house and return. He used 48,000 bottles, including champagne and smaller bottle glasses, in the construction of a house he built. Abraham's bride and grandson now lives in a house where a man leaves. On the back side of the house, it is written in Russian "Love for an unknown soldier of the country!"
Although the official documents are called "Khan Bagi", they are actually "Sardar Bağı". Sardar's Garden was named after the prince on the initiative of the Prince Mikhail Vorontsov in 1847 in the Tsar's Caucasus.
The Shah Abbas Mosque
The Shah Abbas Mosque, which is one of the masterpieces of the 17th century Azerbaijani architecture, was built in 1606. Shaykh Bahaddin Mohammad Amili is the architect of the magnificent temple, located in the center of Ganja and known as the Juma Mosque among the people. The Shah Abbas mosque was built of egg white and clay mixture and baked red bricks. Two minarets were added in front of the mosque in 1776. The big dome of the monument-shaped monument (17 m) draws attention. The temple area of the temple is very broad and differs by its height. Engraved ornaments on the mausoleum in the Shah Abbas Mosque are considered to be fine examples of networking art. One of the minarets was bent in 1920 under the influence of the Bolsheviks and missiles thrown into the city. As a result of the atheistic policy pursued by the Soviet authorities, the madrasa of the mosque was completely destroyed. Famous Azerbaijani poet and historian Abbasgulu aga Bakikhanov gave detailed information on the construction, history and architecture of Shah Abbas mosque. The prominent writer Mirza Shafi Vazeh has taught calligraphy in this mosque's madrasa for a long time. It is here that the great thinker of our people, Mirza Fatali Akhundov, studied the special calligraphy method “Nastaliq” from him