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Gobustan & Mud Volcanoes
The tour includes visits to the following sites:
Departure to Gobustan – the place with prehistoric rock carvings documenting the life of the former inhabitants of this area. The reserve is about 60 km southwest of Baku and is located in a rocky area with a semi-desert climate. The reserve is known for its many petroglyphs from the Stone Age and after. Near the reserve there are a large number of volcanoes of mud, and it is estimated that out of 700 existing in the world, 300 are located in eastern Azerbaijan. These are trenches located about 10 km south of the Petroglyphs area, which emit bubbling mud and gas. In 2007 UNESCO declared an area of 5,370 dunams in the reserve as a World Heritage Site.
There are 850 mud volcanoes in the world, and over 300 of them are in Azerbaijan. Thanks to its efficacy in balneal therapy, volcanic mud is used in the treatment of disorders of the central and peripheral nervous system, diseases of the skin and digestive tract, gynaecology and cosmetology.
Gaval Dash – the stone, which makes a tambourine-like sound when it is hit in different points. Among the stone books there are a big flat stone formed out of 3 supports. Suffice it to touch the object with a small stone, musical sounds come from it. The Gaval Dash have been formed due the combination of unique climate, oil and gas which can be found in the region of Azerbaijan.
Return to Baku and visit an impressive mosque Bibi Heybat. The mosque was built in 1998-1999 where we once set up an ancient mosque from the 13th century .On the road we will be impressed by the Baku Crystal Hall which was built in order to host the Eurovision Song Contest 2012.